Schengen refers to the EU passport-free travel zone that covers most of the European countries. It is the largest free travel zone in the world.
The Schengen visa is a type of visa that allows travel within the countries of the European Union. In the world’s largest free union, it provides the opportunity to travel without an EU passport. It can usually be taken for 90 days and includes trips made for purposes such as family visits, meetings or touristic trips.
Which countries does it cover?
In 1995, the right of free movement was introduced between the countries that signed the Schengen Agreement. Hence Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Czechia, Finland, Estonia, Germany, France, Iceland, Hungary, Italy, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Luxembourg, Malta, Liechtenstein, Poland, Portugal, Netherlands, Norway, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland and countries such as Sweden. Although Switzerland, Norway and Iceland are not members of the European Union, they were included in the Schengen countries with a special agreement and the right of free movement was recognized.
In order to overcome the obstacles in the Schengen visa, Turkey, on the other hand, is trying to overcome this obstacle with visa exemption decisions by mutually contacting the member countries, although it is not a full member.
What times is it given?
Schengen visa is usually available for 30 days, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year. The first visa application usually requires a 30-day visa. If your second application to the same country is deemed appropriate, this period is increased to 3 months. Apart from these, a Schengen visa valid for 1 year can be obtained for those who have sufficient financial means and show a clean visa record.
While the Schengen visa fee was 60 Euros in 2020, it was increased to 80 Euros in February. Those who want to obtain a Schengen visa in 2021 must pay 110 Euros, together with the visa center fee.
Although the requirements vary from country to country, the documents requested by the European Union member countries are generally the same.
Photographs (as many as requested, compatible with Schengen visa photo dimensions)
Flight ticket reservation
Overseas travel insurance
bank account information
Place of residence
Photocopy of identity card and passport
Electronic applications can be made to Schengen member countries. Applications can be submitted by completing and signing the application forms electronically.
In addition, a Schengen visa can be obtained through the representative of the place you want to go. Persons who will apply for a visa can complete the process by making an e-appointment over the internet after first providing the documents requested by the relevant institution.
For example, for a Netherlands visa, it is sufficient to complete your visa documents after making an appointment on the intermediary institution’s website.
After you get the visa, you can travel between the member countries of the union within your permission period. The important point here is that the first entry must be made from the country where the visa is obtained. Then you can enter other countries.
For example, you want to tour the Austria-Belgium-Czech Republic and you applied for a Schengen visa through Austria. After entering Austria, you can pass to both countries with your passport.
For short visits…
You must apply for a Schengen Visa if you plan to visit one or more European countries located in this region for the following reasons:
For business purposes.
Friends and family visit.
Tourism and vacation.
Cultural and sporting events.
Airport transit and transit by ship.
For short-term education and research purposes.
Visa insurance claim
Health insurance for a Schengen visa must meet the following criteria:
Insurance coverage of at least 30,000 EUR.
It should cover all member states in the Schengen Area.
All costs associated with repatriation for health reasons, emergency medical care and/or emergency hospital treatment or death.