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6 important signs of heart failure

Heart failure is the inability of the heart to pump enough blood to the body, the same situation can be common in patients with hypertension. It is very important to detect the signs of this condition early and to consider preventive measures, especially if the person has risk factors.

Heart failure is a disease that affects millions of people and is often silent. Therefore, it is important to recognize the warning signs.

Heart failure is commonly viewed as a symptom of a heart that wears out over time, but heart failure is not inevitable. More than a disease on its own, it is a syndrome that can be caused by more than one cause. The most common is the presence of coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis), which causes myocardial infarction. Also, diseases of the heart valves, the heart muscle itself, or arrhythmias and hypertension can cause heart failure. All of these health problems can prevent the heart from creating adequate blood flow and trigger heart failure.

6 important signs of heart failure #1

The first signs of heart failure are usually extreme shortness of breath and fatigue on exertion. Gradually, shortness of breath occurs even at rest, and more often when lying down.

Here are the 6 most common signs of heart failure:


The person gets tired easily after any daily activity. Shortness of breath is often experienced, especially when making some kind of sudden movements or situations that require physical effort.

Swelling in Ankles and Feet

The patient usually notices swelling in the ankles and feet area, especially in the morning.

Shortness of breath

In addition to fatigue from any activity that requires physical exertion, a person feels shortness of breath when breathing in normal situations, this can occur even without any sudden movements.

Difficulty Concentrating and Making Decisions

The patient may have confusion, poor concentration and memory problems.

Cough with Colored Sputum

Another common symptom is a cough with phlegm, the sputum is usually pink in color.

Chest Pain

This may indicate that the problem is accompanied by a heart attack, if you feel constant and strong pressure, seek immediate medical attention.

Since heart failure is most common in older ages, these symptoms are often trivialized by the person and their family. For example, the cause of shortness of breath is easily associated with age, but it is a very important sign of heart failure. Therefore, it is very important that all symptoms are evaluated by a specialist.

6 important signs of heart failure #2

In heart failure, the heart weakens, any abnormality in its functioning can lead to a worsening of the patient’s heart condition.

Oxygenation problems of the heart with angina pectoris (severe pain in the chest due to lack of oxygen in the heart) or occlusion of the vessels due to myocardial infarction can cause heart failure. Heart rhythm abnormalities with an irregular rhythm (arrhythmia due to atrial fibrillation), very slow (bradycardia) or very fast (tachycardia), heart rhythm abnormalities, very high, uncontrolled blood pressure, heart valve disease, and pulmonary embolism (blockage of a vessel that feeds the lungs) can also lead to heart failure.

Other health problems that occur at the same time in a patient with heart failure can put extra strain on the heart and cause heart failure. Most of the time, a respiratory infection (bronchitis or a cold) or a simple digestive problem with diarrhea can lead to a deterioration in the health status of the patient with heart failure.

Anemia (a very low level of hemoglobin and red blood cells in the blood) is also a triggering factor. In addition, poor functioning of the kidneys, too much (hyperthyroidism) or insufficient (hypothyroidism) work of the thyroid gland can also trigger heart failure.

Finally, any other chronic disease (chronic bronchitis, asthma, etc.) that the patient has in addition to heart failure, which may worsen and lead to heart failure, can trigger this condition.

Non-cardiac causes include drugs such as NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), corticosteroids, hypokalemic laxatives (which reduce potassium in the blood), and unconscious drug use. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid unconscious drug use.

It should also be noted that certain situations will cause additional fatigue for the heart. Extreme cold or heat can cause heart failure.

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