Sumela Monastery, which is one of the important historical, touristic and religious places of Turkey, visited by thousands of local and foreign tourists, included in the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List, on the outskirts of Karadağ, Maçka district of Trabzon, was opened to visitors after 5 years.
Within the scope of restoration, landscaping, geological and geotechnical research and strengthening of the rocks, the 360-ton rock mass that poses a danger at the entrance of the monastery was fixed in place with a steel net bundling method.
MEASURES WILL BE TAKEN DUE TO RISK
However, due to the ongoing risk in the rock block, it was decided to take new measures. The rock block above the entrance gate of the monastery will be fixed to the slope with 16-meter steel stakes. The work will take place outside visiting hours.
360 tons of rock in Sümela Monastery will be fixed with steel stakes #1
“IT WILL BE FIXED WITH 16 METERS PILE”
Trabzon Provincial Culture and Tourism Acting Director Mustafa Asan stated that work will be carried out for the rock block located above the entrance door of the Sümela Monastery, and said, “The rock block was fixed to the area where it was packed with a steel net. Now that rock block will be fixed with 16 meters steel stakes. This process will be done by the visitor. It will take place outside the hours,” he said.
360 tons of rock in Sümela Monastery will be fixed with steel stakes #2
PROF. DR. BEKTAŞ: THE AREA MUST BE CONTINUOUSLY OBSERVED
Karadeniz Technical University (KTU) retired lecturer, geological engineer Prof. Dr. Osman Bektaş, on the other hand, said that the rockfall was a geological event and it was not possible to prevent it.
360 tons of rock in Sümela Monastery will be fixed with steel stakes #3
Bektaş said, “The area where the Sümela Monastery is located consists of caves formed by natural rockfalls. There are fractures in 3 directions in that area. These fractures are constantly working. Even though the restoration is finished today, the area should be constantly observed. Mapping the areas where rockfalls may occur after each rainy season in the coming days. “The more interventions there are on the rocks, the more rockfalls there will be. When you pull a rock out of the area, the whole structure of the mountain is destroyed and the mountain plays out. Bundling and fixing with steel wires is the best thing to do.” said.
360 tons of rock in Sümela Monastery will be fixed with steel stakes #4
Sümela Monastery, which was built by carving the rocks in a forest area at an altitude of 300 meters, on the skirts of Karadağ overlooking Altındere Valley in Maçka, is also known as ‘Virgin Mary’ among the people.
There are various rumors about it, and the historical monastery, whose foundation dates back to the 13th century according to scientific data, has a total of 72 rooms, apart from the service units, guesthouse, kitchen and holy spring.